Iniciatives: cites

Relació de cites a iniciatives sobre la programació d’ordinadors a l’escola (vegeu aquest altre document Iniciatives que fa referència a aquestes cites). Aquesta pàgina està pensada per a poder usar el seu contingut en documents impresos, per això inclou les adreces web senceres (enlloc d’enllaçar els títols).

  • Tim Gurney, Fixing Over a Decade of Missing Computer Programming Education In the UK, 2013 (Competència en programació a UK)
    • http://news.slashdot.org/story/13/06/20/0047200/fixing-over-a-decade-of-missing-computer-programming-education-in-the-uk
    • “The U.K. government changed the curriculum around 12 years ago and removed programming from the computing curriculum. […] It’s actually coming back at the start of this academic year in September. […] They basically removed computer science and computer studies, and brought in information communication technology, or, as I call it, secretarial skills. They basically removed proper computer studies, and they were teaching them applications as opposed to computing and programming and operating systems.”
    • “So our idea is to work with schools to build programming clubs out of hours to give the students who want to learn more and more detail on programming and what you can do with it, an opportunity to do that.”
  • Coding in Schools (Promoció programació a les escoles de UK)
    • http://www.codinginschools.org
    • “The aim of the initiative is very simple, to work with schools and students and inspire the next generation of computer programmers and software engineers by creating and steerheading schools based programming clubs. “
    • “Only 13% of females, compared to 24% of males, reported being “inspired” to consider a career in IT by their education
    • “The courses that are run as part of the programming club are designed to compliment the new computer science curriculum and are created in collaboration with the schools curriculum leader. “
  • Code Club (Grups locals de programació a UK)
    • http://codeclub.org.uk
    • “Code Club is a nationwide network of free volunteer-led after-school coding clubs for children aged 9-11. […] We’d like to put a Code Club in every single primary school in the country.”
    • “The projects we make teach children how to program by showing them how to make computer games, animations and websites. Our volunteers go to their local club for an hour a week and teach one project a week.”
    • “Terms 1 & 2 will use Scratch to teach the basics of programming. Term 3 will teach the basics of web development using HTML and CSS. Term 4 will teach Python and so on.”
  • BBC, Primary pupils ‘should learn computing’, says Microsoft, 2013 (Competència en programació a UK):
    • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-21250567
    • “Education Secretary Michael Gove chose last year’s BETT show to announce a radical revamp of the information and communications technology (ICT) curriculum in schools, calling it ‘demotivating and dull’. He scrapped the ICT curriculum from last September and called on schools to use online resources to teach computing so that even 11-year-olds would be capable of writing simple 2D computer animations.”
  • USA Today, Computer programming education needed, 2013 (Competència en programació a EEUU):
    • http://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2013/02/26/computer-programming-coding-education/1947551/
    • “Consider the words of Larry Corey, president of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center: ‘Knowledge of computer programming is almost as important as knowledge of anatomy when it comes to medical research or clinical care.’ These leaders endorse an idea — that whether you want to become a doctor, an astronaut, or a rock star, you should learn basic computer programming. Children who learn to code learn creative empowerment and an ability to break down problems. It provides an indispensable foundation for the 21st century.”
  • Computerbasedmath.org, Estonia named first computer-based math education country, 2013 (Competència en programació a Estònia):
    • http://www.computerbasedmath.org/computer-based-math-education-estonia.html
    • “Jaak Aaviksoo, Minister of Education and Research, Estonia, said, ‘In the last century, we led the world in connecting classrooms to the internet. Now we want to lead the world in rethinking education in the technology-driven world.’”
    • “The aim is to set up 36 after-school groups targeting 10- to 19-year-old students, evenly divided between basic-school and upper-secondary-school students.”
  • Code.org (promoció d’ensenyament de programació a EEUU):
    • http://www.code.org
    • “Dennis Van Roekel, President of the National Education Association: ‘Learning to code unlocks creativity and builds confidence in students regardless of age, gender, or race. Computer programming can also be a teaching tool for other subjects, from physics to French. With today’s technology, learning to code is more fun and more accessible than ever, and America’s teachers welcome it into our schools and classrooms.’”
  • Code.org, What Most Schools Don’t Teach, 2013:
  • Computer Based Math (promoció de l’ús d’ordinadors per a aprendre matemàtiques):
    • http://www.computerbasedmath.org
    • “Math does not equal calculating ; A project to build a completely new math curriculum with computer-based computation at its heart—alongside a campaign to refocus math education away from historical hand-calculating techniques and toward relevant and conceptually interesting topics.”
  • Exemples de programari algebraic:
  • Conrad Wolfram a TED:
  • Conrad Wolfram, Where does programming fit in education, 2012.
    • http://www.conradwolfram.com/home/where-does-programming-fit-in-education.html
    • “Frankly children are often good at operating the latest tech–usually better than their teachers. Primary schools need to help, verifying that they can do basic operations and offer remedial, individual help if not, but this “operating your computer” should not be a subject per se and is far from programming in subject-matter and required skillset.
    • Instead, programming is much more fundamental to STEM: it’s the way you communicate technical ideas and processes in the modern world. It’s as central as that. You can view it as a superset evolution of mathematical notation, far more general and with the immediate consequence of machine computable results.
    • Just like hand-writing is more generally applied than in English, programming is more generally applicable than is today’s perception of maths’ applicability in schools (though not than maths’ actual utility). Whether in geography, economics or science, technical problem solving needs maths and the way you write down and do anything but trivial arithmetic is with programming.”
  • Citilab:
    • http://www.citilab.eu
    • “Centre digital d’innovació ciutadana per a la difusió i el foment de la Societat del Coneixement. Els seus mètodes de treball bàsics són el pensament de disseny i la creació centrada en l’usuari. A Citilab, Internet es considera un mitjà per innovar de forma més col·laborativa i integradora amb el ciutadà en el centre del procés.”
  • Dep. d’Ensenyament, V Jornada Catalana de l’Ensenyament de la Programació a Primària i a l’ESO, 2013
    • https://sites.google.com/a/xtec.cat/aulatec-nova/v-jornades-programa-13
    • “La programació té una repercussió molt important en els alumnes pel que fa a l’estructuració del pensament, a la creativitat, al pensament crític i a la dinàmica assaig/millora que s’estableix per la concepció constructiva dels errors en la programació. En entorns de programació el principal repte és la producció d’idees, que l’alumnat ha d’aprendre a generar a partir de la resolució de problemes.”
  • L’aula de recursos de Tecnologia (aulatec del CESIRE):
    • https://sites.google.com/a/xtec.cat/aulatec
    • “És un centre específic de suport a la recerca i la innovació (CESIRE), que posa a disposició del professorat tots aquells recursos i accions formatives que promouen la innovació i la millora de l’ensenyament i aprenentatge de la tecnologia a l’aula i al mateix temps dona suport didàctic i tècnic al professorat de Tecnologia de l’Educació Secundària Obligatòria i del Batxillerat.“
  • Scratch (entorn de programació per a nens):
    • http://scratch.mit.edu
    • “With Scratch, you can program your own interactive stories, games, and animations —and share your creations with others in the online community. Scratch helps young people learn to think creatively, reason systematically, and work collaboratively —essential skills for life in the 21st century. Scratch is a project of the Lifelong Kindergarten Group at the MIT Media Lab. It is provided free of charge.”
  • MIT Media Lab (Massachusetts Institute of Technology):
    • http://www.media.mit.edu
    • “Actively promoting a unique, antidisciplinary culture, the MIT Media Lab goes beyond known boundaries and disciplines, encouraging the most unconventional mixing and matching of seemingly disparate research areas. It creates disruptive technologies that happen at the edges, pioneering such areas as wearable computing, tangible interfaces, and affective computing.
    • The Lab is committed to looking beyond the obvious to ask the questions not yet asked–questions whose answers could radically improve the way people live, learn, express themselves, work, and play.”
  • Mitchel Resnick, Learn To Code, Code To Learn, 2013.
    • https://www.edsurge.com/n/2013-05-08-learn-to-code-code-to-learn
    • “As people write, they learn to organize, refine, and reflect on their ideas. Clearly, there are powerful reasons for everyone to learn to write.
    • I see much deeper and broader reasons for learning to code. In the process of learning to code, people learn many other things. They are not just learning to code, they are coding to learn. In addition to learning mathematical and computational ideas (such as variables and conditionals), they are also learning strategies for solving problems, designing projects, and communicating ideas. These skills useful not just for computer scientists but for everyone, regardless of age, background, interests, or occupation.”
  • Mitchel Resnick, Let’s teach kids to code, 2012:
    • http://on.ted.com/MResnick
    • “Young people today have lots of experience … interacting with new technologies, but a lot less so of creating [or] expressing themselves with new technologies. It’s almost as if they can read but not write.
    • When you learn through coding, [you’re] coding to learn. You’re learning it in a meaningful context, and that’s the best way of learning things.”
  • Mapa de centres escolars a Catalunya que usen l’Scratch:
  • Scratch Connecting Worlds (Conference):
  • Aprendre a programar a Edu365.cat:

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